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用剪紙“克隆”人物形象 的藝術大師 一一《洪志標剪紙藝術》

時間:2023-09-01來源: 瀏覽次數:1563次

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他是一位很普通的人,但氣質非凡,這氣質來自于他豐富的藝術細胞,來自于對人生的感悟,來自于一顆感恩的心;他所專研的藝術是一項很普通的民間剪紙,但他的剪紙非同一般,在他手上的紙蘊藏著喜怒哀樂,愛恨情仇,人生百態。走近他,你會感受到一種慈祥,一種快樂,一種藝術散發出來的,帶磁性的美的享受。我就是被這種磁性所吸引而走到他的藝術空間,他就是著名的剪紙藝術家洪志標教授。

He is a very ordinary person, but the temperament is extraordinary, this temperament comes from his rich artistic cells, from the perception of life, from a grateful heart; his research art is a very common folk paper-cut, but his paper contains emotions, love, hate, life. Approaching him, you will feel a kind, a happiness, an art, with magnetic beauty enjoyment. I was so attracted by this magnetic nature that I went to his art space. He is the famous paper-cut Professor Hong Zhibiao artist.

最近他要出一本《洪志標剪紙藝術》畫冊,這是他一生中經典作品,傾注著他多少心血,成功和失敗,快樂和悲傷所鑄成的當代能稱之為之最的剪紙作品囊括其中,他把序交給我,讓我倍感責任重大,又感榮耀無限而責無旁貸。

Recently, he will publish a book of "Hong Zhibiao paper-cut art" picture album, which is a classic work in his life, with his many efforts, success and failure, happiness and sadness cast into the most contemporary paper-cut works include, he gave the preface to me, let me feel great responsibility, and feel infinite glory and responsibility.

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剪紙俗稱剪窗花,這是再普通不過的手工活,中國人在孩童時可以說是誰都剪過,但這是中華民族傳統文化的瑰寶 ,是中國民間民俗文化和地域文化所表現的歷史文化,是世界寶貴的非物質文化遺產。洪志標教授將這種民俗文化作為一生的研究課題進行探索,從民間剪紙這個切口進入無限廣闊的藝術殿堂。

Paper-cut is commonly known as window cutting, which is a common manual work. Chinese people can be said to have cut it when they were children, but it is the treasure of the traditional culture of the Chinese nation, is the historical culture expressed by Chinese folk culture and regional culture, is the world's precious intangible cultural heritage. Professor Hong Zhibiao explores this folk culture as a lifelong research topic, and enters from the incision of folk paper-cut into the infinite and vast art hall.

      洪志標教授祖籍福建南安碼頭洪山,曾就讀著名僑校南安國光中學。1961 年福建師范大學藝術系畢業后,他先后在安溪縣和廈門市從事藝術教育工作 60 年,桃李滿園。是中學高級教師和大學美術教授、世界非物質文化遺產中國剪紙藝術傳承人。他的國畫、素描、水粉畫、書法、篆刻和肖像速寫都有很深的造詣和底蘊,曾多次榮獲美術大獎。他的書法和篆刻作品曾勒石于中國翰園碑林、陜西太白山崖石刻、西藏珠峰碑林等地。他發起並負責而成功組建了由時任中國書法家協會主席沈鵬題寫碑名、副主席王學仲教授任組建會名譽主任的“安溪鳳山碑林”為安溪歷史留下一座豐富的文化藝術寶庫。然而這位骨子里富有創新,創造性格的人拿起剪刀,以剪代筆,另辟蹊徑,把高雅的美術藝術和民間藝術相結合,將美術藝術推動這民間窗花的發展,把中華民族優秀傳統文化中的剪紙加以提高和升華, 推進了高雅的藝術境界。

Professor Hong Zhibiao's ancestral home is Hongshan Mountain, Nan' an Wharf, Fujian Province. He once studied in Nan'an Guoguang Middle School, a famous overseas Chinese school. After graduating from the Art Department of Fujian Normal University in 1961, he worked in art education in Anxi County and Xiamen City for 60 years, respectively. He is a senior middle school teacher and university art professor, and the inheritor of Chinese paper-cut art, a world intangible cultural heritage. His traditional Chinese painting, sketch, gouache painting, calligraphy, seal cutting and portrait sketch have very deep attainments and heritage, has won many art awards. His calligraphy and seal cutting works have been written in the Chinese Hanyuan Monument Forest, the West Taibai Mountain cliff stone carvings, Tibet Qomolangma Monument Forest and other places. He initiated and was responsible for the successful establishment of the "Fengshan Steles Forest in Anxi", which was inscribed by Shen Peng, the chairman of the Chinese Calligraphers Association, and the vice chairman of the Association, and left a rich cultural and artistic treasure house for the history of Anxi. However, the bones of the innovative, creative character picked up the scissors, to cut, found a new way, the elegant art and folk art, the art to promote the development of the folk window, the paper cutting to improve and sublimate in the excellent traditional culture of the Chinese nation, to promote the elegant artistic realm.

創新是天賦和勤奮的結合體,美術本來就是一項創新藝術,將美術的手法上創新是必須要有膽識和艱苦的歷練,要經得起無數失敗的考驗,多少人在前人沒有走過的路望而卻步,多少人在藝術的高峰攀登的路上退了下來,而洪志標教授堅毅地堅守,堅持,直至成功。他為人畫過上萬張素描,為幾萬個人畫過肖像速寫,用了二十多萬張宣紙,8 千多只畫筆,200 多把剪刀,練就了在紙上耍弄的絕技,如今他一分鐘就能勾勒出一個人的輪廓,兩分鐘就能剪出一個人形,而且惟妙惟肖。他是一位用剪刀克隆人物形象的大師,這種克隆人物形象的手法,讓你完全顛覆了對剪紙藝術的認知。

Innovation is a combination of talent and diligence, art is an innovative art, the art technique innovation is must have courage and hard experience, to stand the test of countless failures, how many people in the predecessors of no road, how many people retreated on the way of the peak climb in art, and professor HongZhiBiao perseverance to stick to, insist, until success. He has painted tens of thousands of sketches for tens of thousands of people, with more than 200,000 pieces of rice paper, more than 8,000 brushes, more than 200 scissors, practiced on the paper skills, now he can outline a person in a minute, can cut a human shape in two minutes, and lifelike. He is a master of cloning characters with scissors, this technique of cloning characters, let you completely subvert the cognition of paper-cut art.

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看了他的作品不禁讓人震撼,他獲獎的次數之多,獎項的檔次之高都令人敬佩不已。他告訴我,剪紙和畫畫不同,畫錯了可以修改,而剪紙一刀剪下去再也回不來,一副大型作品要剪上萬刀,越剪心理壓力越大,特別是剪到最后,萬一有一刀剪錯將前功盡棄,所以他必須是謹慎再謹慎。在創作期間,必須是精力特別集中,不能有半點分心,必須在心情好的時候動剪,有一點煩心事或外界干擾都一律禁剪,當心情愉悅,靈感來臨時,他會放下任何事,甚至是最重要的應酬,即刻奔赴創作室。那時候他會全神貫注,盡情發揮,一絲不茍,廢寢忘食,全身心地投入到創作中去。他創作的《絢麗年華 成就輝煌》看似簡單,但心血花得不比復雜圖案的少,足足創作了半個多月,功夫不負有心人,這作品又獲得了中國教育學會一等獎?!侗娭境沙?戰疫必勝 愿普天下人民健康平安》作品參加“大愛無疆”北京、渭南抗擊疫情剪紙精品展和巡回展,被選作展會宣傳廣告,榮獲金獎并入編《“大愛無疆”全國抗疫剪紙精品集》、《抗擊疫情中國剪紙精品集》等。他的領袖系列,名人系列的剪紙沒有一個人不為之贊賞,很多藝術家還嘆為觀止。他精心創作的《中華民族迎來了從站起來富起來到強起來的偉大飛躍》和《歡歌載舞》等作品入選中國文聯出版社出版的《百年巨匠一一中國當代藝術名家紀念中國共產黨成立 100 周年書畫精品珍藏集(第一冊)》,并被中國美術家協會、中國書法家協會、中國文化藝術人才管理中心、中國人民書畫藝術研究院、中囤華夏國墨書畫院等 5 個單位授予洪志標教授為“德藝雙馨人民藝術家”榮譽稱號,并頒發榮譽勛章和證書。

Watching his works can not help but shock, he won many awards, the high level of awards are admirable. He told me that paper cutting is different from painting, wrong painting can be modified, and a paper cut can never come back, a pair of large works to cut tens of thousands of knives, the more cut the greater the psychological pressure, especially to the end, in case of a knife cut wrong will be all the work wasted, so he must be careful and cautious. During the period of creation, he must be particularly focused, not slightly distracted, must cut when he is in a good mood, or all banned. When inspiration comes, he will put down anything, even the most important entertainment, and immediately go to the creative room. At that time, he would concentrate on it, play it out, be meticulous, forget about food and sleep, and devote himself to his creation. His creation of "Brilliant Time Achievement Brilliant" seems simple, but he spent no less than the complex pattern, fully created for more than half a month, hard work pays off, this work won the first prize of the Chinese Society of Education. The works of "Wish the health and safety of the world" participated in the "Great Love without borders" Beijing, Weinan fight against the epidemic paper-cut exhibition and tour exhibition, was selected as the exhibition advertising, won the gold medal into the "Great Love without frontier" national paper-cut collection "," Fight against the epidemic Chinese paper-cut collection " and so on. His leader series and celebrity paper-cut series are not appreciated by one one, and many artists are amazed. He carefully created the Chinese nation from the stand rich to strong great leap forward "and" singing dance "and other works in China federation press published the one hundred giant Chinese contemporary art masters to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the founding of the communist party of China painting boutique collection (first one)", and by the Chinese artists association, Chinese calligrapher's association, Chinese culture and art talent management center, the Chinese people's painting and calligraphy art research institute, hoarding in Chinese ink painting and other five units awarded professor HongZhiBiao for "smashing the people's artist" honorary title, and awarded the medal of honor and certificate.

人生苦短,年輕時有精力沒有沉淀,等到有了沉淀卻精力有限,我和洪教授有過一次長談,他雖然年過八旬,算是老壽星的級別,而他依然青春四射,聲音洪亮,思維敏捷,儼然是位青壯年;他既有豐富的閱歷,又有充沛的精力,這是常人所渴望的,這就是他如今成功的所在,他以飽滿的精神凝聚成一股創作動力,把幾十年沉淀下來的美術和剪紙絕技催發成藝術精品。

Life is short, young energy is not precipitation, when the precipitation but energy is limited, I had a long talk, although he is over octogenarian, is old star, and he is still young, loud, quick thinking, like a young man; he has rich experience, and abundant energy, this is the ordinary people desire, this is his success now, he with full spirit into a creative power, decades of precipitation of art and paper-cut stunt into art.

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《洪志標剪紙藝術》的每幅作品都是藝術和情感的組合,藝術是他創作的技巧,情感是他創作的引擎,他以愛的力量催發他的創作靈感。洪教授生于 1939 年,他經歷了抗日戰爭,解放戰爭,社會主義革命建沒和改革開放時代,他見證了中華民族從站起來富起來到強起來的偉大飛躍,他對中國共產黨有著深厚的感情,在他剪出來的人物肖像感情豐富,激情滿懷,偉人們栩栩如生,仿佛音容笑貌就在眼前,那幅毛澤東主席在天安門城樓上宣布中華民國共和國成立的剪紙,場景之宏偉,人物精神之飽滿,迸發出一種勢不可擋的氣場,如同在中國人民心中樹立起一塊共和國大廈的基石;《發展是硬道理》剪紙中的鄧小平神形居然是那么逼真。那天他被習近平的一次講話所感動,情感召使,靈感所驅,拿起剪刀刷刷刷剪了起來,一幅《藹然可親》作品躍然紙上,這時他按捺不住對習近平主席的的熱愛,突發奇想,直奔郵局,他要把這幅作品寄給習近平主席,感動了郵局的工作人員,為他糾正了快遞中南海的地址,第二天他收到了中央辦公廳的通知,鼓勵他繼續創作,他的作品成為中央領導送給國際友人的國禮。

Each work of Hong Zhibiao Paper-cut Art is a combination of art and emotion, art is his creative skill, emotion is the engine of his creation, and he inspires his creative inspiration with the power of love. Professor Hong was born in 1939, He had experienced the War of Resistance against Japan, war of liberation, In the failure of the socialist revolution and the era of reform and opening up, He witnessed the great leap of the Chinese nation from standing up and becoming rich to becoming strong, He has a deep affection for the Communist Party of China, In the portraits of people he cut out, Full of passion, The men are alive, As if he were right in front of me, The paper cut by Chairman Mao Zedong announcing the founding of the Republic of China on the Tiananmen Rostrum, The grandeur of the scene, The full spirit of the characters, Proburst into an unstoppable aura, As in the hearts of the Chinese people to establish a cornerstone of the building of the Republic; "Development is the absolute truth" in the paper-cut Deng Xiaoping god shape is actually so realistic. That day he was moved by a speech, xi emotion, inspiration, picked up the scissors brush brush cut up, a picture of "amiable" works on paper, then he succumb to the love of xi jinping, chairman of the whim, straight to the post office, he wanted to send the work to the chairman xi, moved by the post office staff, corrected the address for the express zhongnanhai, the next day he received the general office of the central notice, encourage him to continue to create, his work become the central leadership to the international friends.

他練就了一雙像鷹一樣的眼睛洞察事物的變化,捕捉人物肖像中的每一個特點和細節,他豐富而敏捷的思維通過一雙靈巧的雙手準確地傳遞到筆尖和剪刀,人物輪廓比例精準無誤,把人的各個性格特點勾勒出來,一副生靈活現的人物個性形象立即躍然紙上;他又有一顆童心,世界的萬物他都感到新鮮好奇,然后津津有味地去深挖,探索,這就是他的人生。更讓人可親的是他的那顆愛心,他孜孜不倦地關心別人,幫助別人,從不為己專門利人的思想根深蒂固,因此成了藝術家們的中心,他的粉絲遍布全世界各地。在人們心目中他的人品和作品一致令人贊賞。人品有多高,作品水平就有多高,中央美術學院博士生導師陳長智教授看了他的書畫展后感嘆地說:“洪志標教授的剪紙藝術是我見過最精美的剪紙,他堪稱為世界級的藝術大師?!标愰L智教授可是頂級藝術大師,他惜言如金,從不隨意評論,他給洪志標教授這么高的評價實為少見;中華文化促進會剪紙藝術專業委員會張樹賢主任對洪志標教授的領袖系列剪紙作品是“形神兼備,惟妙惟肖,堪稱一絕,”這位剪紙專業委員會主任也是精通剪紙的專家,見過世面的人,他說的“一絕”分量可不一般;魯迅美術學院終身教授、著名美術老教育家朱鳴岡教授贊其作品“純樸、冼練、優美,既繼承傳統又求索出新,富有生活氣息,表現時代精神,因而為世所重?!?中國美術家協會分黨組書記常務副主席徐里稱之為“巧奪天工,形神兼備”、美國華人著名學者李毅贊之“時代精神,熠熠生輝”、聯合國非遺保護基金會理事長崔恩卿譽為“妙手神品”······,他們不論怎么評價都不過分,都名副其實。

He developed a pair of eyes like eyes insight into the change of things, capture every characteristic and detail, his rich and agile thinking through a pair of dexterous hands accurately passed to the nib and scissors, the outline proportion, each character outline, a pair of flexible character image immediately appear on paper; he has a childlike innocence, the world everything he feel fresh and curious, and then with relish to dig, explore, this is his life. What is more amiable is his love. He tirelessly cares for others, helps others, never cares for himself is deeply rooted, so he became the center of artists, his fans spread all over the world. In people's mind, his character and his work are all admirable. How high the character is, how high the level of his works is. Professor Chen Changzhi, doctoral supervisor of Central Academy of Fine Arts, sighed after watching his calligraphy and painting and calligraphy exhibition: " Professor Hong Zhibiao's paper cutting is the most exquisite paper cutting I have ever seen, and he can be called a world-class art master."Professor Chen Changzhi is a top art master, He words words like gold, Never comment freely, It is rare for him to rate Professor Hong so highly; Zhang Shuxian, director of the paper-cut art Professional Committee of the Chinese Culture Promotion Association, told Professor Hong Zhibiao's series of paper-cut works, " both shape and spirit, so skillfully imitated as to be indistinguishable from the original, Unique, " the director of the paper cutting professional committee is also proficient in paper cutting experts, People who have seen the world, He said the "one must" weight is not ordinary; Professor Zhu Minggang, a tenured professor of Lu Xun Academy of Fine Arts and a famous old educator of fine arts, praised his work " simplicity, Inheriting both the tradition and seeking for the new, Rich in life atmosphere, Show the spirit of The Times, Therefore, for the world is heavy."Chinese artists association standing vice chairman party secretary of xu called" perfect, shape and spirit ", Chinese famous scholar li praise" spirit of the age, yi yi is unripe brightness ", director of the United Nations heritage protection foundation Cui Enqing known as" magic ", they no matter how the evaluation is not too much, are worthy of the name.

《洪志標剪紙藝術》是將他歷年來上萬件創作的經典作品精選出來,可稱之為中國剪紙藝術之最,他的每幅作品都有著不同特點,近看和遠看不同,掠看和久看也不一樣,他的作品久看不厭,越看越有味,會看出動感,情感和美感來、而且讓你過目難忘,如烙印一般,將永遠藏入你的記憶里。當你欣賞《洪志標剪紙藝術》就能愛上藝術,愛上剪紙。

"HongZhiBiao paper-cut art" is his years tens of thousands of pieces of classic works selected, can be called the most Chinese paper-cut art, his each work has different characteristics, close and far different, and long look at is different, his works for a long time, more see more taste, will see dynamic, emotion and aesthetic feeling, and let you, unforgettable, such as brand, will always hide in your memory. When you enjoy "Hong Zhibiao paper-cutting art", you can fall in love with art, fall in love with paper-cutting.

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文/周新(《環球華商報》董事局主席兼總編輯)

圖/洪志標剪紙藝術館  供稿



關鍵字:藝術名家洪志標

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